Thermal Relay

The thermal relay works on the principle of the thermal effect of electrical energy. The bimetallic strips, heating coils and the current transformers are the important parts of the thermal relay. The current transformer supplies the current to the coils of the heater. The thermal energy of the heater coils heated the bimetallic strips. The …

Thermal Relay Read More »

Types of Relays

The relay may be defined as an electrical device interposed between the main circuit and the circuit breaker in such a manner that any abnormality in the circuit acts on the relay, which in turn if the fault is dangerous then it causes the circuit breaker to isolate and so to remove the faulty element. …

Types of Relays Read More »

Protective Relays

Protective relay work as a sensing device, it senses the fault, then known its position and finally, it gives the tripping command to the circuit breaker. The circuit breaker after taking the command from the protective relay, disconnect the faulted element. By clearing the fault fast with the help of fast-acting protective relay and associated …

Protective Relays Read More »

Static Relay

Definition: The relay which does not contain any moving parts is known as the static relay. In such type of relays, the output is obtained by the static components like magnetic and electronic circuit etc. The relay which consists static and electromagnetic relay is also called static relay because the static units obtain the response and …

Static Relay Read More »

Buchholz Relay

Definition: The Buchholz relay protects the transformer from internal faults. It is the gas actuated relay. The Buchholz relay is placed between the main tank and the conservator. Such type of relay is used in the transformer having the rating higher than 500KVA. It is not used in small transformer because of economic consideration. Working …

Buchholz Relay Read More »

High Voltage HRC Fuse

The HRC fuse element carries the short circuit or faults current for the specific interval of time. And if the fault removes in that specific period then the fuse element remains safe and it does not melt or breaks. The fuses element is kept inside the airtight container. The HRC fuse has inverse time characteristic, i.e., if …

High Voltage HRC Fuse Read More »

Low Voltage Fuses

Fuse is a current interrupting device which breaks or opens the circuit by fusing the element when the current in the circuit exceeds a certain value. Fuses are mainly categorised into two types, i.e., High voltage fuses and Low voltage fuses. Low voltage fuses can further divide into two types, namely semi-enclosed or rewirable type …

Low Voltage Fuses Read More »

Fuse Wire Materials

The material used for fuse elements must be of low melting point, low ohmic loss, high conductivity (or low resistivity), low cost and free from detraction. The material used for making fuse element has a low melting point such as tin, lead, or zinc. A low melting point is, however, available with a high specific …

Fuse Wire Materials Read More »

Electrical Fuse

The fuse is a device used in an electrical circuit for protecting electrical devices against overloads and short circuit. It is the simplest and cheapest devices used for interrupting an electrical circuit under short circuit or excessive overload current magnitudes. It is used for overload or short circuit protection in high voltage up to 66 …

Electrical Fuse Read More »

Restriking Transient Voltage

When the current across the contact of the circuit breaker is zero, a high-frequency transient voltage develops in the whole breaker contact and is produced by the sudden distribution of energy between the electric and magnetic field. This transient voltage is called restriking voltage. The voltage appears across the breaker contacts at the moment of …

Restriking Transient Voltage Read More »