Synchroscope

Definition: The synchroscope is a device which shows the correct instant at which the two systems are synchronised. The terms ‘synchronize’ means the machines of equal frequency and voltage are operating parallel to each other. The synchroscope consists the two-phase wound stator and rotor. The alternators provide the two-phase supply to the synchroscope. If any…

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Temperature Transducer

Definition: The temperature transducer converts the thermal energy into a physical quantity likes the displacement, pressure and electrical signal etc. It is an electrical device used for automatic measuring of temperature. The main principle of the temperature transducer is to measure the heat and transfer the information after converting it into the readable form. The…

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Difference Between Moving Iron & Moving Coil Instrument

One of the significant difference between the moving iron and moving coil instrument is that in moving iron instrument, the soft iron system is used for measuring mechanism. Whereas in moving coil instrument the conductor coil is used for DC measurement. The other differences between the moving iron and moving coil instrument are shown below…

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Frequency

Definition: The frequency is the number of oscillation per unit time. It is used for defining the cyclic process like rotation, oscillation, wave etc. The completion of the cyclic process at particular interval of time is known as the frequency. The SI unit of the frequency is Hertz. The symbol λ represents it. The one…

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Difference Between AC & DC Voltage

The major difference between the AC and DC voltage is that in AC voltage the polarity of the wave changes with the time whereas the polarity of the DC voltage always remains same. The other differences between the AC and DC voltage are shown below in the comparison chart. Content: AC Voltage Vs DC Voltage Comparison…

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Rectifier Ammeter

The meter is generally used for measuring the particular quantity. The unit of current is ampere, and the meter which measures the current is known as the ammeter. The rectifier ammeter uses the moving coil along with the rectifier for measuring the current. The main use of the rectifier is to convert the alternating current into…

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Difference Between AC & DC Transmission Line

The most crucial difference between the AC and the DC transmission line is that the AC transmission line uses three conductors for power transmission whereas the DC transmission line requires two conductors. The other differences between the AC and DC transmission lines are explained below in the comparison chart. The transmission line is a closed…

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Methods of Measurements

The measurement is the result of the comparison of standard and the unknown quantity. The result of the measured quantity is generally expressed in numeric forms. In other words, the measurement is the process through which the physical parameters like heat, displacement, force etc. is converted into the easily readable numeric value. Methods of Measurement…

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Wagner Earthing Device

Definition: The Wagner earthing device is used for removing the earth capacitance from the bridges. It is a type of voltage divider circuit used to reduces the error which occurs because of stray capacitance. The Wagner Earth device provides high accuracy to the bridge. At high frequency, stray capacitance is induced between the bridge elements,…

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Power in AC Circuit

The power of three-phase AC circuit is used in large industries for running the heavy machines. The power of single-phase AC circuit is used for operating the small household devices. The magnitude of three phase ac circuit power is three times more than the power of the single phase circuit. Consider if P is the…

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