Dual Trace Oscilloscope

Definition: In dual trace oscilloscope, a single electron beam generates 2 traces, that undergoes deflection by two independent sources. In order to produce two separate traces, basically, 2 methods are used, known as alternate and chopped mode. These are also known as the two operating modes of the switch. Now the question arises what is…

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Graded Index Fiber

Definition: Graded Index fiber is another type of optical fiber in which the refractive index of the core is non-uniform. This non-uniformity is present because the refractive index is higher at the axis of the core and continuously reduces with the radial movement away from the axis. However, the refractive index of the cladding is…

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Numerical Aperture of Optical Fiber

Definition: Numerical Aperture is the measure of the ability of an optical fiber to collect or confine the incident light ray inside it. It is among the most basic property of optical fiber. Numerical aperture is abbreviated as NA and shows the efficiency with which light is collected inside the fiber in order to get…

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Difference Between Optical fiber and Coaxial Cable

Both optical fiber and coaxial cable are the types of guided media. But some major factors exist that differentiates the two. The crucial difference between optical fiber and coaxial cable is that an optical fiber is used for the transmission of the optical signal. As against, a coaxial cable is used for the transmission of…

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Nd:YAG Laser

Definition: Nd:YAG laser is the short form used for Neodymium-doped Yttrium Aluminium Garnet. It is a solid state and 4 level system as it consists of 4 energy levels. Nd ion is rare earth metal and it is doped with solid state host crystal like yttrium aluminium garnet (YAG – Y3Al5O12) to form Nd:YAG laser.…

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Optical Network

Definition: An Optical Network is basically a communication network used for the exchange of information through an optical fiber cable between one end to another. It is one of the quickest networks used for data communication. As we already know that data signal through an optical fiber is transmitted in the form of light pulses.…

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Rayleigh Scattering

Definition: Rayleigh scattering is the phenomena of scattering of light particles majorly by the molecules of gas (sometimes also by solid and liquid). This scattering of light was first noticed by Lord Rayleigh in 1871 and thus named so. Basically when electromagnetic light propagates through air, then the back and forth movement of electrons inside the…

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Optical Time Domain Reflectometer (OTDR)

Definition: OTDR is an acronym used for Optical Time Domain Reflectometer. It is an instrument that is used to detect or analyze the scattered or back reflected light through an optical fiber due to impurities and imperfections in the fiber. The operating principle of an OTDR is similar to that of radar. OTDR performs timed…

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Splicing of Optical Fibers

Definition: Splicing of optical fibers is a technique used to join two optical fibers. This technique is used in optical fiber communication, in order to form long optical links for better as well as long-distance optical signal transmission. Splicers are basically couplers that form a connection between two fibers or fiber bundles. At the time…

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Voltage Doubler

Definition: A multiplier circuit that generates a dc output voltage having amplitude twice the maximum amplitude of the ac input supply voltage is known as Voltage Doubler. The circuit shows its necessity in all such applications where a high level of voltage is required when the input source is of low amplitude. Here, the name…

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