Methods of Measurements

The measurement is the result of the comparison of standard and the unknown quantity. The result of the measured quantity is generally expressed in numeric forms. In other words, the measurement is the process through which the physical parameters like heat, displacement, force etc. is converted into the easily readable numeric value. Methods of Measurement…

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Wagner Earthing Device

Definition: The Wagner earthing device is used for removing the earth capacitance from the bridges. It is a type of voltage divider circuit used to reduces the error which occurs because of stray capacitance. The Wagner Earth device provides high accuracy to the bridge. At high frequency, stray capacitance is induced between the bridge elements,…

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Power in AC Circuit

The power of three-phase AC circuit is used in large industries for running the heavy machines. The power of single-phase AC circuit is used for operating the small household devices. The magnitude of three phase ac circuit power is three times more than the power of the single phase circuit. Consider if P is the…

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Optical Pyrometer

Definition: The optical pyrometer is a non-contact type temperature measuring device. It works on the principle of matching the brightness of an object to the brightness of the filament which is placed inside the pyrometer. The optical pyrometer is used for measuring the temperature of the furnaces, molten metals, and other overheated material or liquids.…

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Photoelectric Tachometer

Definition: The tachometer which uses the light for measuring the speed of rotation of shaft or disc of machines is known as the photoelectric tachometer. The opaque disc with holes on its periphery, light source and laser are the essential parts of the photoelectric tachometer. The tachometer consists the opaque disc which is mounted on the…

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Maximum Demand Indicator

Definition: The maximum demand indicator measures the maximum amount of power requires by the consumer at the particular interval of time. The indicator is designed in such a way so that they measure the base and peak load but unable to measures the sudden short-circuit or starting high current of the motor. It is designed…

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Hot Wire Anemometer

Definition: The Hot Wire Anemometer is a device used for measuring the velocity and direction of the fluid. This can be done by measuring the heat loss of the wire which is placed in the fluid stream. The wire is heated by electrical current. The hot wire when placed in the stream of the fluid,…

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Seismic Transducer

Definition: The seismic transducer is used for measuring the vibration of the ground. The spring mass damper element and the displacement transducer are the two main component of the seismic transducer. The mass that connected to the damper element and spring without any other support is known as spring mass damper element. And the displacement…

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Carey-Foster Slide-Wire Bridge

The Carey Foster Bridge is used for measuring the low resistance or for the comparison of two nearly equal resistances. The working principle of the Carey foster bridge is similar to the Wheatstone Bridge. The circuit for the Carey foster bridge is shown in the figure below. Let P, Q, R and S are the…

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Platinum Resistance Thermometer

Definition: The platinum thermal resistance (PTR) uses platinum for determining the temperature. It works on the principle that the resistance of platinum changes with the change of temperature. The thermometer measures the temperature over the range of 200°C to1200°C. The platinum is an unreactive metal and can easily be drawn into fine wires. Because of these properties…

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