Torque/Weight Ratio of an Indicating Instrument

Definition: The ratio of torque to the weight of the moving part of an instrument is known as a torque/weight ratio. It indexes the performance of the instrument. The higher value of torque/weight ratio shows that the instrument has good performances. The value of torque/weight ratio of the moving part of the instrument should not be…

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Construction of Potential Transformer

The potential or voltage transformer is a step-down transformer used for transformation of voltage from a high value to fractional value. The measuring instrument like ammeter, voltmeter, wattmeter, etc. designs for low voltages. If the measuring apparatus connects to the high voltage lines for measurement, the devices may get burned or damage. Thus, the potential…

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Electrothermal Instrument

Definition: The instrument whose working depends on the heating effects of the measuring current is known as the electrothermal or electrothermic instrument. This device is used for measuring the high-frequency current. The most significant advantage of this type of instrument is that it measures the high range frequency current more than the Moving Iron and…

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Ammeter

Definition: The meter uses for measuring the current is known as the ammeter. The current is the flow of electrons whose unit is ampere. Hence the instrument which measures the flows of current in ampere is known as ampere meter or ammeter. The ideal ammeter has zero internal resistance. But practically the ammeter has small…

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Resistance Box

Definition: The box which contains the resistors of different values for estimating and comparing the resistance is known as the resistance box. The accuracy of the resistance box is very high. The main application of the resistance box is to control the specific value of current to flow through the circuit. The main advantage of…

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Phantom Loading

Definition: Phantom loading is the phenomena in which the appliances consume electricity even when they turn off. The disc of the energy meter rotates which increases the reading of the meter, but the devices do not consume power. This type of loading is also known as the vampire or virtual loading. The phantom loading mainly…

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Power Factor Meter

Definition: The power factor meter measures the power factor of a transmission system. The power factor is the cosine of the angle between the voltage and current. The power factor meter determines the types of load using on the line, and it also calculates the losses occur on it. The power factor of the transmission…

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Piezo-Electric Transducer

Definition: The Piezoelectric transducer is an electroacoustic transducer use for conversion of pressure or mechanical stress into an alternating electrical force. It is used for measuring the physical quantity like force, pressure, stress, etc., which is directly not possible to measure. The piezo transducer converts the physical quantity into an electrical voltage which is easily measured…

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Megger

Definition: The Megger is the instrument uses for measuring the resistance of the insulation. It works on the principle of comparison, i.e., the resistance of the insulation is compared with the known value of resistance. If the resistance of the insulation is high, the pointer of the moving coil deflects towards the infinity, and if it…

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Thermocouple Instrument

Definition: The instrument which uses the thermocouple for the measurement of the temperature, current and voltage such type of instrument is known as the thermocouple instrument. It is used for both the AC and DC measurement. The thermocouple is an electric device which uses two wires of the different metal. It’s work on the principle that…

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