Vibration Galvanometer

Definition: The galvanometer in which the oscillation frequency of the moving element and the measurand current becomes equal is known as the vibration galvanometer. It uses for detecting the alternating current or alternating electromotive force. Working Principle of Vibration Galvanometer When an alternating current is passing through the moving element of the galvanometer, deflecting torque produces …

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Limiting Error

Definition: The limited deviation of the measured value from the true value is known as the limiting error or guarantee error. Such type of error is fixed on the instrument. The magnitude of the limiting error depends on the design, material and the workmanship used for the construction of the instrument. For obtaining a high degree …

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Differential Voltmeter

Definition: The voltmeter which measures the difference between the known and the unknown voltage source is known as the differential voltmeter. It works on the principle of comparison between the reference and the unknown voltage sources. The accuracy of the differential voltmeter is very high.The principle of operation of the differential voltmeter is similar to …

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Rectifier Type Instrument

Definition: The instrument which uses the rectifying element for measuring the voltage and current is known as the rectifying instruments. The rectifying element converts the alternating current to the direct current which indicates by the DC responsive meter. The PMMC uses as an indicating instrument. The sensitivity of the rectifying instruments is high as compared …

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Electrothermal Instrument

Definition: The instrument whose working depends on the heating effects of the measuring current is known as the electrothermal or electrothermic instrument. This device is used for measuring the high-frequency current. The most significant advantage of this type of instrument is that it measures the high range frequency current more than the Moving Iron and …

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Wien’s Bridge

The Wien’s bridge use in AC circuits for determining the value of unknown frequency. The bridge measures the frequencies from 100Hz to 100kHz. The accuracy of the bridges lies between 0.1 to 0.5 percent. The bridge is used for various other applications like capacitance measurement, harmonic distortion analyser and in the HF frequency oscillator. The …

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Electrodynamometer Wattmeter

Definition: The instrument whose working depends on the reaction between the magnetic field of moving and fixed coils is known as the Electrodynamo-meter Wattmeter. It uses for measuring the power of both the AC and DC circuits. The working principle of the Electrodynamometer Wattmeter is very simple and easy. Their working depends on the theory …

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Ballistic Galvanometer

Definition: The galvanometer which is used for estimating the quantity of charge flow through it is called the ballistic galvanometer. The working principle of the ballistic galvanometer is very simple. It depends on the deflection of the coil which is directly proportional to the charge passes through it. The galvanometer measures the majority of the charge …

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