Potential Barrier in a Diode

Definition: The potential barrier in the PN-junction diode is the barrier in which the charge requires additional force for crossing the region. In other words, the barrier in which the charge carrier stopped by the obstructive force is known as the potential barrier. How It gets established? When the P and N-type semiconductor material are placed …

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Difference Between LED & Diode

The most significant difference between the LED and diode is that the LED emits the light while the diode allows the current to flow only in one direction and opposes the flow in the opposite direction. The other differences between the diode and LED are shown below in the comparison chart. The LED is a …

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Carey-Foster Slide-Wire Bridge

The Carey Foster Bridge is used for measuring the low resistance or for the comparison of two nearly equal resistances. The working principle of the Carey foster bridge is similar to the Wheatstone Bridge. The circuit for the Carey foster bridge is shown in the figure below. Let P, Q, R and S are the …

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Phototransistor

Definition: The phototransistor is a three-layer semiconductor device which has a light-sensitive base region. The base senses the light and converts it into the current which flows between the collector and the emitter region. The construction of phototransistor is similar to the ordinary transistor, except the base terminal. In phototransistor, the base terminal is not …

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PIN Diode

Definition: The diode in which the intrinsic layer of high resistivity is sandwiched between the P and N-region of semiconductor material such type of diode is known as the PIN diode. The high resistive layer of the intrinsic region provides the large electric field between the P and N-region. The electric field induces because of …

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Tunnel Diode

Definition: The tunnel diode is a highly conductive, heavily doped PN-junction diode in which the current induces because of the tunnelling. The tunnelling is the phenomenon of conduction in the semiconductor material in which the charge carrier punches the barrier instead of climbing through it. The tunnel diode is a heavily doped PN-junction diode. The …

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Varactor Diode

Definition: The diode whose internal capacitance varies with the variation of the reverse voltage such type of diode is known as the Varactor diode. It is used for storing the charge. The varactor diode always works in reverse bias, and it is a voltage-dependent semiconductor device The voltage-dependent device means the output of the diode depends …

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Platinum Resistance Thermometer

Definition: The platinum thermal resistance (PTR) uses platinum for determining the temperature. It works on the principle that the resistance of platinum changes with the change of temperature. The thermometer measures the temperature over the range of 200°C to1200°C. The platinum is an unreactive metal and can easily be drawn into fine wires. Because of these properties …

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Photovoltaic or Solar Cell

Definition: The Photovoltaic cell is the semiconductor device that converts the light into electrical energy. The voltage induces by the PV cell depends on the intensity of light incident on it. The name Photovoltaic is because of their voltage producing capability. The electrons of the semiconductor material are joined together by the covalent bond. The electromagnetic …

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