# Electronic Terms

## Integrating Instrument

Definition: The integrating instrument measures the total energy supplied by the circuit in a given interval of time. It is independent of the rate at which the total energy consumed. The watt hour meter is the example of integrating instruments. This type of meter directly measures the energy in watt hour. Types of Integrating Instruments …

Definition: The analogue instrument is defined as the instrument whose output is the continuous function of time, and they have a constant relation to the input. The physicals quantity like voltage, current, power and energy are measured through the analogue instruments. Most of the analogue instrument use pointer or dial for indicating the magnitude of the …

## Capacitive Transducer

Definition: The capacitive transducer is used for measuring the displacement, pressure and other physical quantities. It is a passive transducer that means it requires external power for operation. The capacitive transducer works on the principle of variable capacitances. The capacitance of the capacitive transducer changes because of many reasons like overlapping of plates, change in …

## Hall Effect Transducer

Definition: The hall effect element is a type of transducer used for measuring the magnetic field by converting it into an emf. The direct measurement of the magnetic field is not possible. Thus the Hall Effect Transducer is used. The transducer converts the magnetic field into an electric quantity which is easily measured by the …

## Rotary Variable Differential Transformer (RVDT)

Definition: The transformer which senses the angular displacement of the conductor is known as the Rotary Variable Differential Transformer or RVDT. It is the type of electromechanical transducer which gives the linear output proportional to the input angular displacement. The circuit of RVDT is shown in the figure below. The working of the RVDT is …

## Linear Variable Differential Transformer (LVDT)

Definition: The Linear Variable Inductive Transformer converts the linear displacement into an electrical signal. It works on the principle of mutual induction, i.e., the flux of the primary winding is induced to the secondary winding. The output of the transformer is obtained because of the difference of the secondary voltages, and hence it is called a differential …

## Resistance Thermometer

Definition – The resistance thermometer or resistance temperature detector (RTD) uses the resistance of electrical conductor for measuring the temperature. The resistance of the conductor varies with the time. This property of the conductor is used for measuring the temperature. The main function of the RTD is to give a positive change in resistance with …

## Types of Transducer

The transducer changes the physical quantity into an electrical signal. It is an electronic device which has two main functions, i.e., sensing and transduction. It senses the physical quantity and then converts it into mechanical works or electrical signals. The transducer is of many types, and they can be classified by the following criteria. By transduction …

## Transducer

Definition: The device which converts the one form of energy into another is known as the transducer. The process of conversion is known as transduction. The conversion is done by sensing and transducing the physical quantities like temperature, pressure, sound, etc. The electrical transducer converts the mechanical energy into an electric signal. The electrical signal …

## Applications of Thermistors

The thermistor is a thermal resistor whose resistance depends on the external temperature. The measurement and the control of the temperature are the major applications of the thermistor. The thermistor is also used for various other applications which explain below in details. 1. Measurement of Temperature The thermistor is a resistor whose resistance changes with the …