Diversity Factor

Definition: Diversity factor is defined as the ratio of the sum of the maximum demands of the various part of a system to the coincident maximum demand of the whole system. The maximum demands of the individual consumers of a group do not occur simultaneously. Thus, there is a diversity in the occurrence of the load. …

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Single Line-to-Ground Fault

Generally, a single line-to-ground fault on a transmission line occurs when one conductor drops to the ground or comes in contact with the neutral conductor. Such types of failures may occur in power system due to many reasons like high-speed wind, falling off a tree, lightning, etc. Circuit diagram of single line-to-ground fault Suppose the …

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Capacitance of Transmission Line

Transmission line conductors constitute a capacitor between them. The conductors of the transmission line act as a parallel plate of the capacitor and the air is just like a dielectric medium between them. The capacitance of a line gives rise to the leading current between the conductors. It depends on the length of the conductor. …

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Inductance of Transmission Line

In the medium and long transmission lines inductance (reactance) is more effective than resistance. The current flow in the transmission line interacts with the other parameter, i.e the Inductance. We know that when current flow within a conductor, magnetic flux is set up. With the variation of current in the conductor, the number of lines …

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Medium Transmission Line

A transmission line having a length of more than 80 kms but less than 250 kms is considered as a medium transmission line. The parameters (Resistance, Inductance, and Capacitance) are distributed uniformly along the line. For a  medium transmission line, charging current is appreciable and due to the length of the line the shunt admittance …

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Charging Current in Transmission Line

In a transmission line, air acts as a dielectric medium between the conductors. When the voltage is applied across the sending end of the transmission line, current starts flowing between the conductors (due to imperfections of the dielectric medium). This current is called the charging current in the transmission line.In other words, we can say, …

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Long Transmission Line

A transmission line having a length more than 240 km is consider as a long transmission line. In a long transmission line, parameters are uniformly distributed along the whole length of the line. For a long transmission line, it is considered that the line may be divided into various sections, and each section consists of …

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