Power System Stability

Power system consists some synchronous machines operating in synchronism. For the continuity of the power system, it is necessary that they should maintain perfect synchronism under all steady state conditions. When the disturbance occurs in the system, the system develops a force due to which it becomes normal or stable. The ability of the power …

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Power-Angle Curve

Consider a synchronous machine connected to an infinite bus through a transmission line of reactance Xl shown in a figure below. Let us assume that the resistance and capacitance are neglected. Equivalent diagram of synchronous machine connected to an infinite bus through a transmission line of series reactance Xl is shown below: Let, V = V<0⁰ …

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Capacity Factor

The capacity factor is defined as the ratio of the total actual energy produced or supply over a definite period, to the energy that would have been produced if the plant (generating unit) had operated continuously at the maximum rating. The capacity factor mainly depends on the type of the fuel used in the circuit. The capacity …

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Diversity Factor

Definition: Diversity factor is defined as the ratio of the sum of the maximum demands of the various part of a system to the coincident maximum demand of the whole system. The maximum demands of the individual consumers of a group do not occur simultaneously. Thus, there is a diversity in the occurrence of the load. …

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Single Line-to-Ground Fault

Generally, a single line-to-ground fault on a transmission line occurs when one conductor drops to the ground or comes in contact with the neutral conductor. Such types of failures may occur in power system due to many reasons like high-speed wind, falling off a tree, lightning, etc. Circuit diagram of single line-to-ground fault Suppose the …

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Capacitance of Transmission Line

Transmission line conductors constitute a capacitor between them. The conductors of the transmission line act as a parallel plate of the capacitor and the air is just like a dielectric medium between them. The capacitance of a line gives rise to the leading current between the conductors. It depends on the length of the conductor. …

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Inductance of Transmission Line

In the medium and long transmission lines inductance (reactance) is more effective than resistance. The current flow in the transmission line interacts with the other parameter, i.e the Inductance. We know that when current flow within a conductor, magnetic flux is set up. With the variation of current in the conductor, the number of lines …

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