Transmission Lines

A transmission line is used for the transmission of electrical power from generating substation to the various distribution units. It transmits the wave of voltage and current from one end to another. The transmission line is made up of a conductor having a uniform cross-section along the line. Air act as an insulating or dielectric …

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Different types of HVDC links

In the previous topic, we learn about the HVDC transmission, which is economical for long distance power transmission, and for the interconnection of two or more networks that has different frequencies or voltages. For connecting two networks or system, various types of HVDC links are used. HVDC links are classified into three types. These links …

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HVDC Transmission

Definition: High voltage direct current (HVDC) power systems use D.C. for transmission of bulk power over long distances. For long-distance power transmission, HVDC lines are less expensive, and losses are less as compared to AC transmission. It interconnects the networks that have different frequencies and characteristics. In AC transmission, alternating waves of voltage and current …

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Corona Power Loss

In the previous topic, we learn about the corona effect due to which several losses occur in transmission lines. These losses decrease the efficiency of transmission lines. Out of all the losses the corona power loss is the one which affects most, the proficiency of lines. The power dissipated in the system due to corona …

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Corona Effect

Definition: The phenomenon of ionisation of surrounding air around the conductor due to which luminous glow with hissing noise is rise is known as the corona effect. Air acts as a dielectric medium between the transmission lines. In other words, it is an insulator between the current carrying conductors. If the voltage induces between the …

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Ferranti Effect

Definition: The effect in which the voltage at the receiving end of the transmission line is more than the sending voltage is known as the Ferranti effect. Such type of effect mainly occurs because of light load or open circuit at the receiving end. Ferranti effect is due to the charging current of the line. …

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Load factor

Definition: Load factor is defined as the ratio of the average load over a given period to the maximum demand (peak load) occurring in that period. In other words, the load factor is the ratio of energy consumed in a given period of the times of hours to the peak load which has occurred during …

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Skin Effect

The non-uniform distribution of electric current over the surface or skin of the conductor carrying a.c is called the skin effect. In other words, the concentration of charge is more near the surface as compared to the core of the conductor. The ohmic resistance of the conductor is increased due to the concentration of current …

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Working Voltage in Power System

The term Working Voltage means the maximum voltage that any device can withstand without getting damaged or burnt off, keeping in mind factors like reliability and safety of the device and circuits for proper operation.If the power is transmitted to a long distance there, exist the desirability of using high voltage. It is also necessary …

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