Medium Transmission Line

A transmission line having a length of more than 80 kms but less than 250 kms is considered as a medium transmission line. The parameters (Resistance, Inductance, and Capacitance) are distributed uniformly along the line. For a  medium transmission line, charging current is appreciable and due to the length of the line the shunt admittance …

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Charging Current in Transmission Line

In a transmission line, air acts as a dielectric medium between the conductors. When the voltage is applied across the sending end of the transmission line, current starts flowing between the conductors (due to imperfections of the dielectric medium). This current is called the charging current in the transmission line.In other words, we can say, …

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Long Transmission Line

A transmission line having a length more than 240 km is consider as a long transmission line. In a long transmission line, parameters are uniformly distributed along the whole length of the line. For a long transmission line, it is considered that the line may be divided into various sections, and each section consists of …

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ABCD Parameters of Transmission Line

Transmission of power from generating unit to distributing units can be done through the transmission line. During transmission, many losses occur in the transmission line which decreases the efficiency of a line. For improving the proficiency of the transmission, two port networks are used. A network having two input and two output terminals is known …

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Short Transmission Line

A transmission line having its length less than 80 km is considered as a short transmission line. In short transmission line capacitance is neglected because of small leakage current and other parameters (resistance and inductance) are lumped in the transmission line. Single and three phase short transmission line The single phase line is usually short …

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Surge Impedance Loading

Capacitance and reactance are the main parameters of the transmission line. It is distributed uniformly along the line. These parameters are also called distributed parameters. When the voltage drops occur in transmission line due to inductance, it is compensated by the capacitance of the transmission line. The transmission line generates capacitive reactive volt-amperes in its …

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Transmission Lines

A transmission line is used for the transmission of electrical power from generating substation to the various distribution units. It transmits the wave of voltage and current from one end to another. The transmission line is made up of a conductor having a uniform cross-section along the line. Air act as an insulating or dielectric …

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Different types of HVDC links

In the previous topic, we learn about the HVDC transmission, which is economical for long distance power transmission, and for the interconnection of two or more networks that has different frequencies or voltages. For connecting two networks or system, various types of HVDC links are used. HVDC links are classified into three types. These links …

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HVDC Transmission

Definition: High voltage direct current (HVDC) power systems use D.C. for transmission of bulk power over long distances. For long-distance power transmission, HVDC lines are less expensive, and losses are less as compared to AC transmission. It interconnects the networks that have different frequencies and characteristics. In AC transmission, alternating waves of voltage and current …

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