Campbell’s Bridge

Definition: The bridge which measures the unknown mutual inductance regarding mutual inductance such type of bridge is known as the Campbell bridge. The mutual inductance is the phenomenon in which the variation of current in one coil induces the current in the nearer coil. The bridge also used for measuring the frequency by adjusting the …

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Rating of Transformer in kVA

The rating is the load carrying capability of the machine. It shows the maximum value of the voltage at which the machine is designed, and the current consumption occurs at that voltage. The machines are always rated in watts. But the alternator and the transformer are the only machines which are rated in volt-amp (VA). Why …

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Inductor

Definition: The inductor is a passive component which stores the electrical energy in the magnetic field when the electric current passes through it. Or we can say that the inductor is an electrical device which possesses the inductance. The inductor is made of wire which has the property of inductance, i.e., opposes the flow of …

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Photoelectric Emission

Definition: When the beam of the light enlightens the surface of the metals like sodium, potassium, caesium and rubidium then their electrons start emitting. The phenomenon of emission of electrons is known as the photoelectric emission. In other words, the photoelectric emission is the process through which the free electrons are liberated from the surface …

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Potential Barrier in a Diode

Definition: The potential barrier in the PN-junction diode is the barrier in which the charge requires additional force for crossing the region. In other words, the barrier in which the charge carrier stopped by the obstructive force is known as the potential barrier. How It gets established? When the P and N-type semiconductor material are placed …

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Difference Between LED & Diode

The most significant difference between the LED and diode is that the LED emits the light while the diode allows the current to flow only in one direction and opposes the flow in the opposite direction. The other differences between the diode and LED are shown below in the comparison chart. The LED is a …

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Carey-Foster Slide-Wire Bridge

The Carey Foster Bridge is used for measuring the low resistance or for the comparison of two nearly equal resistances. The working principle of the Carey foster bridge is similar to the Wheatstone Bridge. The circuit for the Carey foster bridge is shown in the figure below. Let P, Q, R and S are the …

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Phototransistor

Definition: The phototransistor is a three-layer semiconductor device which has a light-sensitive base region. The base senses the light and converts it into the current which flows between the collector and the emitter region. The construction of phototransistor is similar to the ordinary transistor, except the base terminal. In phototransistor, the base terminal is not …

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PIN Diode

Definition: The diode in which the intrinsic layer of high resistivity is sandwiched between the P and N-region of semiconductor material such type of diode is known as the PIN diode. The high resistive layer of the intrinsic region provides the large electric field between the P and N-region. The electric field induces because of …

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