Maximum Demand Indicator

Definition: The maximum demand indicator measures the maximum amount of power requires by the consumer at the particular interval of time. The indicator is designed in such a way so that they measure the base and peak load but unable to measures the sudden short-circuit or starting high current of the motor. It is designed …

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Hot Wire Anemometer

Definition: The Hot Wire Anemometer is a device used for measuring the velocity and direction of the fluid. This can be done by measuring the heat loss of the wire which is placed in the fluid stream. The wire is heated by electrical current. The hot wire when placed in the stream of the fluid, …

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Seismic Transducer

Definition: The seismic transducer is used for measuring the vibration of the ground. The spring mass damper element and the displacement transducer are the two main component of the seismic transducer. The mass that connected to the damper element and spring without any other support is known as spring mass damper element. And the displacement …

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Campbell’s Bridge

Definition: The bridge which measures the unknown mutual inductance regarding mutual inductance such type of bridge is known as the Campbell bridge. The mutual inductance is the phenomenon in which the variation of current in one coil induces the current in the nearer coil. The bridge also used for measuring the frequency by adjusting the …

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Rating of Transformer in kVA

The rating is the load carrying capability of the machine. It shows the maximum value of the voltage at which the machine is designed, and the current consumption occurs at that voltage. The machines are always rated in watts. But the alternator and the transformer are the only machines which are rated in volt-amp (VA). Why …

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Inductor

Definition: The inductor is a passive component which stores the electrical energy in the magnetic field when the electric current passes through it. Or we can say that the inductor is an electrical device which possesses the inductance. The inductor is made of wire which has the property of inductance, i.e., opposes the flow of …

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Photoelectric Emission

Definition: When the beam of the light enlightens the surface of the metals like sodium, potassium, caesium and rubidium then their electrons start emitting. The phenomenon of emission of electrons is known as the photoelectric emission. In other words, the photoelectric emission is the process through which the free electrons are liberated from the surface …

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Potential Barrier in a Diode

Definition: The potential barrier in the PN-junction diode is the barrier in which the charge requires additional force for crossing the region. In other words, the barrier in which the charge carrier stopped by the obstructive force is known as the potential barrier. How It gets established? When the P and N-type semiconductor material are placed …

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