Laser Diode

Definition: A semiconductor device that generates coherent light of high intensity is known as laser diode. LASER is an abbreviation for Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation. Stimulated emission is the basis of working of a laser diode. Laser diode is similar to LED, however, different from LED, the PN junction of laser diode …

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Photodiode

Definition: A special type of PN junction device that generates current when exposed to light is known as Photodiode. It is also known as photodetector or photosensor. It operates in reverse biased mode and converts light energy into electrical energy. The figure below shows the symbolic representation of a photodiode: Principle of Photodiode It works …

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Difference Between Transducer & Inverse Transducer

One of the major difference between the transducer and the inverse transducer is that the transducer changes the non-electrical quantity into an electrical quantity while the inverse transducer changes the electrical quantity into the non-electrical quantity. The other differences between the transducer and inverse transducer are shown below in the comparison chart. The control action …

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Electrostatic Instrument

Definition: The instrument whose working depends on the principle of attraction or repulsion of electrodes that carry electrical charges such type of instrument is known as the electrostatic instrument. In other words, the instrument which uses the static electric field for producing the deflecting torque is known as the electrostatic instrument. The electrostatic instrument is …

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Synchroscope

Definition: The synchroscope is a device which shows the correct instant at which the two systems are synchronised. The terms ‘synchronize’ means the machines of equal frequency and voltage are operating parallel to each other. The synchroscope consists the two-phase wound stator and rotor. The alternators provide the two-phase supply to the synchroscope. If any …

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Temperature Transducer

Definition: The temperature transducer converts the thermal energy into a physical quantity likes the displacement, pressure and electrical signal etc. It is an electrical device used for automatic measuring of temperature. The main principle of the temperature transducer is to measure the heat and transfer the information after converting it into the readable form. The …

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Frequency

Definition: The frequency is the number of oscillation per unit time. It is used for defining the cyclic process like rotation, oscillation, wave etc. The completion of the cyclic process at particular interval of time is known as the frequency. The SI unit of the frequency is Hertz. The symbol λ represents it. The one …

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