Electrical Measurement

Volt-Ratio Box

Definition: The volt-ratio box measures the high voltage. The construction of the volt-ratio box is very simple. It consists the simple resistive potential divider which has many tapping on the input side. The whole arrangement of the volt-ratio box is placed inside the wooden box. The volt-ratio box gives the accurate result of measure voltage. …

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Earth Tester

Definition: The instrument used for measuring the resistance of the earth is known as earth tester. All the equipment of the power system is connected to the earth through the earth electrode. The earth protects the equipment and personnel from the fault current. The resistance of the earth is very low. The fault current through …

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Synchro

Definition: The Synchro is a type of transducer which transforms the angular position of the shaft into an electric signal. It is used as an error detector and as a rotary position sensor. The error occurs in the system because of the misalignment of the shaft. The transmitter and the control transformer are the two main …

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Q Meter

Definition: The instrument which measures the storage factor or quality factor of the electrical circuit at radio frequencies, such type of device is known as the Q-meter. The quality factor is one of the parameters of the oscillatory system, which shows the relation between the storage and dissipated energy. The Q meter measures the quality …

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Three Phase Energy Meter

Definition: The meter which is used for measuring the power of three phase supply is known as the three phase energy meter. The three phase meter is constructed by connecting the two single phase meter through the shaft. The total energy is the sum of the reading of both the elements. Working Principle of Three …

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Creeping in Energy Meter

Definition: Creeping in energy meter is the phenomenon in which the aluminium disc rotates continuously when only the voltage is supplied to the pressure coil, and no current flows through the current coil. In other words, the creeping is the kind of error in which the energy meter consumes a very small amount of energy even …

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Energy Meter

Definition: The meter which is used for measuring the energy utilises by the electric load is known as the energy meter. The energy is the total power consumed and utilised by the load at a particular interval of time. It is used in domestic and industrial AC circuit for measuring the power consumption. The meter …

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Fluxmeter

Definition: The meter which is used for measuring the flux of the permanent magnet such type of meter is known as the flux meter. The fluxmeter is the advanced form of the ballistic galvanometer which has certain advantages like the meter has low controlling torque and heavy electromagnetic damping. Construction of Flux Meter The construction …

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Galvanometer

Definition: The galvanometer is the device used for detecting the presence of small current and voltage or for measuring their magnitude. The galvanometer is mainly used in the bridges and potentiometer where they indicate the null deflection or zero current. Principle: The potentiometer is based on the premise that the current sustaining coil is kept …

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AC Potentiometer

Definition: The potentiometer which is used for measuring the phase and the magnitude of the unknown emf by comparing it with the known emf such type of potentiometer is known as the AC potentiometer. The working principle of the AC potentiometer is same as that of the DC potentiometer, i.e., the unknown voltage is determined by …

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