Definition: The multimeter or volt-ohm-milli-ammeter (VOM) is the type of meter which performs the multiple functions. In other words, in VOM the multiple measuring functions are combined in a single unit. The multimeter is used for measuring voltage, current and resistance. It contains the circuitry switch which makes the meter to operate like a voltmeter, ammeter, and as an ohmmeter.
Consider the circuit of the Simpsons multimeter. The multimeter is the combination of DC voltmeter, AC voltmeter, multirange ohmmeter, and an output meter.
The particular section in the meter is selected for measuring the DC voltage. The DC voltage range on the meter is from 0 – 1.5 V to 0 – 1000 V. The circuit for the DC voltmeter is shown in the figure below. The range is set with the help of the selector switch.The circuit below shows the resistance measuring section of the multimeter. The sensitivity of the instrument is very high, and because of this reason, the meter is commonly used in the general measurement.
The circuit for DC Ampere and the milliampere is shown in the figure below. The maximum temperature range for measuring the current is from 500mA. The circuit whose current is used to be measured is connected to the positive and negative terminal of the below-shown circuit.
The AC voltmeter reading is obtained by adjusting the position of the ac – dc switch on AC. When placing the position of the switch on the AC, the input is rectified by the help of the diodes and then supply to the meter.