Earth Tester

Definition: The instrument used for measuring the resistance of the earth is known as earth tester. All the equipment of the power system is connected to the earth through the earth electrode. The earth protects the equipment and personnel from the fault current. The resistance of the earth is very low. The fault current through …

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Resistance Box

Definition: The box which contains the resistors of different values for estimating and comparing the resistance is known as the resistance box. The accuracy of the resistance box is very high. The main application of the resistance box is to control the specific value of current to flow through the circuit. The main advantage of …

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Digital Instrument

Definition: The instrument which represents the measurand value in the form of the digital number is known as the digital instruments. It works on the principle of quantization. The quantization is the process of converting the continuous input signal into a countable output signal. The construction of the digital instrument is very complex, and their …

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Vacuum Tube Voltmeter (VTVM)

Definition: The voltmeter which uses the vacuum tube for amplifying the measurand AC and DC voltage is known as the vacuum tube voltmeter (VTM). The vacuum tube increases the sensitivity of the voltmeter because of which it can detect the signal of very weak strength. The electronic voltmeter is used for measuring the voltage of …

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Electronic Voltmeter

Definition: The voltmeter which uses the amplifier for increases their sensitivity is known as the electronic voltmeter. It is used for measuring the voltages of both the AC and DC devices. The electronic voltmeter gives the accurate reading because of high input resistance. The moving coil voltmeter is not able to detect the low voltages. …

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Phantom Loading

Definition: Phantom loading is the phenomena in which the appliances consume electricity even when they turn off. The disc of the energy meter rotates which increases the reading of the meter, but the devices do not consume power. This type of loading is also known as the vampire or virtual loading. The phantom loading mainly …

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Magnetoresistor

Definition: The resistance of some of the metal and the semiconductor material varies in the presence of the magnetic field, this effect is called the magnetoresistance. The element which has these effects is known as the magnetoresistor. In other words, the magnetoresistor is a type of resistor whose resistance varies with the magnetic field. The magnetoresistor …

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