Pin Insulator

The pin insulator is used in power distribution for the voltage up to 33kV. It is placed on the cross arm of the supporting tower. The pin insulator has grooves on the upper end for keeping the conductor. The conductor is tied to the insulator on the top groove on straight line positions and side groove in…

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String Efficiency of Suspension Insulator

When the voltage is applied across the suspension insulator string, it is unequally distributed across the individual unit. The disc near the line conductor is extremely stressed and takes the maximum voltage in the absence of stress. The voltage distribution on insulator string determines the flashover voltage and the voltage at which the localised corona…

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Suspension Insulator

The suspension insulator separates the line conductors and supports them electrically. It consists the number of porcelain insulator units connected with each other by metal links to form a flexible string. The conductor is connected at the bottom of the string. The suspension insulator is shown below. Advantages of Suspension Type Insulator The suspension type…

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HVDC Transmission System

Definition: The system which uses the direct current for the transmission of the power such type of system is called HVDC (High Voltage Direct Current) system. The HVDC system is less expensive and has minimum losses. It transmits the power between the unsynchronized AC system. Component of an HVDC Transmission System The HVDC system has…

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Power System

Definition: The power system is a network which consists generation, distribution and transmission system. It uses the form of energy (like coal and diesel) and converts it into electrical energy. The power system includes the devices connected to the system like the synchronous generator, motor, transformer, circuit breaker, conductor, etc. The power plant, transformer, transmission line,…

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Single Line Diagram of Power Supply System

The electrical energy is produced at generating stations, and through the transmission network, it is transmitted to the consumers. Between the generating stations and the distribution stations, three different levels of voltage (transmission, sub-transmission and distribution level of voltage) are used. The high voltage is required for long distance transmission and, the low voltage is…

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Load Duration Curve

Definition: The load duration curve is defined as the curve between the load and time in which the ordinates representing the load, plotted in the order of decreasing magnitude, i.e., with the greatest load at the left, lesser loads towards the rights and the lowest loads at the time extreme right. The load duration curve is…

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Load Curve

Definition: Load curve or chronological curve is the graphical representation of load (in kW or MW) in proper time sequence and the time in hours. It shows the variation of load on the power station.When the load curve is plotted for 24 hours a day, then it is called daily load curve. If the one…

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Proximity Effect

Definition: When the conductors carry the high alternating voltage then the currents are non-uniformly distributed on the cross-section area of the conductor. This effect is called proximity effect. The proximity effect results in the increment of the apparent resistance of the conductor due to the presence of the other conductors carrying current in its vicinity.…

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Sag Template

Definition: The sag template is used for allocating the position and height of the supports correctly on the profile.The sag template decided the limitations of vertical and wind load. It also limits the minimum clearance angle between the sag and the ground for safety purpose. The sag template is usually made up of transparent celluloid, perplex,…

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