# Electrical Terms

## Voltmeter

Definition: The instrument which measures the voltage or potential difference in volts is known as the voltmeter. It works on the principle that the torque is generated by the current which induces because of measurand voltage and this torque deflects the pointer of the instrument. The deflection of the pointer is directly proportional to the …

## Ammeter Shunt

Definition: The ammeter shunt is the device which provides the low resistance path to the flow of current. It connects in parallel with the ammeter. In some of the ammeter, the shunt is inbuilt inside the instrument while in others it is externally connected to the circuit. Why Shunt Connect in parallel with Ammeter? The ammeter designs …

## Ammeter

Definition: The meter uses for measuring the current is known as the ammeter. The current is the flow of electrons whose unit is ampere. Hence the instrument which measures the flows of current in ampere is known as ampere meter or ammeter. The ideal ammeter has zero internal resistance. But practically the ammeter has small …

## Volt-Ratio Box

Definition: The volt-ratio box measures the high voltage. The construction of the volt-ratio box is very simple. It consists the simple resistive potential divider which has many tapping on the input side. The whole arrangement of the volt-ratio box is placed inside the wooden box. The volt-ratio box gives the accurate result of measure voltage. …

## Earth Tester

Definition: The instrument used for measuring the resistance of the earth is known as earth tester. All the equipment of the power system is connected to the earth through the earth electrode. The earth protects the equipment and personnel from the fault current. The resistance of the earth is very low. The fault current through …

## Resistance Box

Definition: The box which contains the resistors of different values for estimating and comparing the resistance is known as the resistance box. The accuracy of the resistance box is very high. The main application of the resistance box is to control the specific value of current to flow through the circuit. The main advantage of …

Definition: Phantom loading is the phenomena in which the appliances consume electricity even when they turn off. The disc of the energy meter rotates which increases the reading of the meter, but the devices do not consume power. This type of loading is also known as the vampire or virtual loading. The phantom loading mainly …

## Synchro

Definition: The Synchro is a type of transducer which transforms the angular position of the shaft into an electric signal. It is used as an error detector and as a rotary position sensor. The error occurs in the system because of the misalignment of the shaft. The transmitter and the control transformer are the two main …

## Power Factor Meter

Definition: The power factor meter measures the power factor of a transmission system. The power factor is the cosine of the angle between the voltage and current. The power factor meter determines the types of load using on the line, and it also calculates the losses occur on it. The power factor of the transmission …

## Q Meter

Definition: The instrument which measures the storage factor or quality factor of the electrical circuit at radio frequencies, such type of device is known as the Q-meter. The quality factor is one of the parameters of the oscillatory system, which shows the relation between the storage and dissipated energy. The Q meter measures the quality …