Electrical Terms

Tractive Effort

Definition: Tractive effort is defined as the force at the rims or the outer edges of the driving wheels of moving trains. In other words, it is the sum of the tractive force and rolling effort on the road surface. In the main line train, tractive effort is caused by the locomotive, and in a suburban …

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Current Source Inverter

Definition: The current source inverter converts the input direct current into an alternating current. In current source inverter, the input current remains constant but this input current is adjustable. The current source inverter is also called current fed inverter. The output voltage of the inverter is independent of the load. The magnitude and nature of …

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Electrical Drive Systems

Definition: The electrical drive system is defined as the system which is use for controlling the speed, torque and direction of an electrical motor. Each electrical drive system is different from other electrical drive systems, but there are some common features associated with all electrical drive systems. Electrical Drive Systems The figure shown below represents the …

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Motor Protection Scheme

The various types of the protective relays are available for protecting the motor from faults. These relays sense the abnormal operating condition and make the circuit breaker to trip. The motors provide protection against faults in windings and associated circuits, excessive overload and short circuits, under voltages, phase unbalances and single phasing, phase reversal and …

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Electric Traction Drives

Definition: The drive which uses the electric power for moving forward, such type of drive is called an electric traction drive. One of the major application of an electric drive is to transport men and materials from one place to another. The traction drives are mainly classified into two types, i.e., the single phase AC traction …

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Closed Loop Control of Drives

In closed loop system, the output of the system is feedback to the input. The closed loop system controls the electrical drive, and the system is self-adjusted. Feedback loops in an electrical drive may be provided to satisfy the following requirements. Enhancement of speed of torque To improve steady-state accuracy. Protection The main parts of …

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Induction Motor Protection System

The circuit diagram of the three-phase induction motors is shown in the figure below. Magnetic contactor starter essentially consists of a set of start and stop push buttons with associated contacts, overload and underload protective devices.The start push button is a momentary contact switch that is held normally open by a spring. The stop push …

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DC Motor Drives

Definition: The DC motor drive is a type of amplifier or power modulator that integrate between the controller and a DC motor. It takes the low current and then converts it into a high current which is appropriate for the motor. The DC motor drive also provides the high current torque, 400 % more than …

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Battery Powered Vehicles

Definition: The vehicles which get powered through a self-controlled battery for converting fuel into electricity, such type of vehicles are called battery powered vehicles or electrical vehicles. The lead acid battery is mostly used for powering the vehicles because of their low cost. The various types of DC and induction motors are used in battery …

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