Electrical Terms

Oil Filled Cables

Definition: Oil filled cable is defined as the cable in which low viscosity oil is kept under pressure either within the cable sheath itself or a containing pipe. The oil in the cable filled the voids in the oil impregnated paper under all conditions of varying loads. In the past, over the years mineral oils …

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Methods of Earthing

There are several methods of earthing like wire or strip earthing, rod earthing, pipe earthing, plate earthing or earthing through water mains. Most commonly used methods of earthing are pipe earthing and plate earthing. These methods are explained below in details. Earthing Mat Earthing mat is made by joining the number of rods through copper …

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Electrical Earthing

Definition: The process of transferring the immediate discharge of the electrical energy directly to the earth by the help of the low resistance wire is known as the electrical earthing. The electrical earthing is done by connecting the non-current carrying part of the equipment or neutral of supply system to the ground. Mostly, the galvanised …

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Current Rating of Cable

Definition: The current rating of the cable is defined as the maximum current carrying capacity of the power cable under normal operating condition. The current rating of power cable decided the upper limit of power transfer by a cable. It mostly depends on the insulation temperature and electrical resistance of the conductor. The cable rating …

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Grading of Cable

Definition:Grading is defined as the process of equalizing the stress in the dielectric of the cable. Generally, the electrical stress is maximum at the surface of the conductor or the innermost part of conductor while it is minimum at the outermost sheath of the conductor. If the stress is equal to all the dielectric of …

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Electrical Power Cable

Definition: A cable used for the transmission and distribution of electrical energy is called electrical power cable. Power cable consists two or more electrical conductors join with an over sheath. It is used for the transmission of extra high voltages in a place where overhead lines are impracticable to use like, the sea, airfield crossing, …

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Bus-Bar Protection

When the fault occurs on the bus bars whole of the supply is interrupted, and all the healthy feeders are disconnected. The majority of the faults is single phase in nature, and these faults are temporary. The bus zone fault occurs because of various reasons likes failure of support insulators, failure of circuit breakers, foreign …

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Voltage Stability in Power System

Definition: Voltage stability in the power system is defined as the ability of a power system to maintain acceptable voltages at all bus in the system under normal condition and after being subjected to a disturbance. In the normal operating condition the voltage of a power system is stable, but when the fault or disturbance occurs in …

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Electrical Bus-Bar and its Types

Definition: An electrical bus bar is defined as a conductor or a group of conductor used for collecting electric power from the incoming feeders and distributes them to the outgoing feeders. In other words, it is a type of electrical junction in which all the incoming and outgoing electrical current meets. Thus, the electrical bus …

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