Electrical Machines

Transformer Efficiency

The Efficiency of the transformer is defined as the ratio of useful output power to the input power. The input and output power are measured in the same unit. Its unit is either in Watts (W) or KW. Transformer efficiency is denoted by Ƞ. Where, V2 – Secondary terminal voltage I2 – Full load secondary …

Per Unit System

For the analysis of electrical machines or electrical machine system, different values are required, thus, per unit system provides the value for voltage, current, power, impendence, and admittance. The Per Unit System also makes the calculation easier as all the values are taken in the same unit. The per-unit system is mainly used in the …

Resistance and Reactance of the Transformer

The Resistance of the transformer is defined as the internal resistance of both primary and secondary windings. In an actual transformer, the primary and the secondary windings have some resistance represented by R1 and R2 and the reactances by X1 and X2. Let K be the transformation ratio. To make the calculations easy the resistances …

EMF Equation of a Transformer

When a sinusoidal voltage is applied to the primary winding of a transformer, alternating flux ϕm sets up in the iron core of the transformer. This sinusoidal flux links with both primary and secondary winding. The function of flux is a sine function. The rate of change of flux with respect to time is derived …

Working Principle of a Transformer

The basic principle on which the transformer works is Faraday’s Law of Electromagnetic Induction or mutual induction between the two coils. The working of the transformer is explained below. The transformer consists of two separate windings placed over the laminated silicon steel core. The winding to which AC supply is connected is called primary winding …

Ideal Transformer

Definition: The transformer which is free from all types of losses is known as an ideal transformer. It is an imaginary transformer that has no core loss, no ohmic resistance, and no leakage flux. The ideal transformer has the following important characteristic. The resistance of their primary and secondary winding becomes zero. The core of the …

What is a Transformer

A Transformer is a static electrical machine which transfers AC electrical power from one circuit to the other circuit at the constant frequency, but the voltage level can be altered that means voltage can be increased or decreased according to the requirement. It works on the principle of Faraday’s Law of Electromagnetic Induction which states …