RL Series Circuit

A circuit that contains a pure resistance R ohms connected in series with a coil having a pure inductance of L (Henry) is known as RL Series Circuit. When an AC supply voltage V is applied, the current, I flows in the circuit. So, IR and IL will be the current flowing in the resistor …

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Pure Capacitor Circuit

The circuit containing only a pure capacitor of capacitance C farads is known as a Pure Capacitor Circuit. The capacitors stores electrical power in the electric field, their effect is known as the capacitance. It is also called the condenser. The capacitor consists of two conductive plates which are separated by the dielectric medium. The …

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Pure inductive Circuit

The circuit which contains only inductance (L) and not any other quantities like resistance and capacitance in the circuit is called a Pure inductive circuit. In this type of circuit, the current lags behind the voltage by an angle of 90 degrees. Contents: Explanation and Derivation of Inductive Circuit Phasor Diagram and Power Curve of …

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Pure Resistive AC Circuit

The circuit containing only a pure resistance of R ohms in the AC circuit is known as Pure Resistive AC Circuit. The presence of inductance and capacitance does not exist in a purely resistive circuit. The alternating current and voltage both move forward as well as backwards in both the direction of the circuit. Hence, …

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Form Factor

Definition: The ratio of the root mean square value to the average value of an alternating quantity (current or voltage) is called Form Factor. The average of all the instantaneous values of current and voltage over one complete cycle is known as the average value of the alternating quantities. Mathematically, it is expressed as: Ir.m.s …

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Peak Factor

Definition: Peak Factor is defined as the ratio of maximum value to the R.M.S value of an alternating quantity. The alternating quantities can be voltage or current. The maximum value is the peak value or the crest value or the amplitude of the voltage or current. The root mean square value is the amount of …

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AC Circuit

The circuit that is excited using alternating source is called an AC Circuit. The alternating current (AC) is used for domestic and industrial purposes. In an AC circuit, the value of the magnitude and the direction of current and voltages is not constant, it changes at a regular interval of time. It travels as a …

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Types of Transformer

There are various types of transformer used in the electrical power system for different purposes, like generation, distribution and transmission and utilization of electrical power. The different types of transformer are Step up and Step down Transformer, Power Transformer, Distribution Transformer, Instrument transformer comprising current and Potential Transformer, Single phase and Three phase transformer, Auto …

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Power Triangle

Power Triangle is the representation of a right angle triangle showing the relation between active power, reactive power and apparent power. When each component of the current that is the active component (Icosϕ) or the reactive component (Isinϕ) is multiplied by the voltage V, a power triangle is obtained shown in the figure below: The …

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