p Type Semiconductor

The extrinsic p-Type Semiconductor is formed when a trivalent impurity is added to a pure semiconductor in a small amount, and as a result, a large number of holes are created in it. A large number of holes are provided in the semiconductor material by the addition of trivalent impurities like Gallium and Indium. Such …

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n Type Semiconductor

When a small amount of Pentavalent impurity is added to a pure semiconductor providing a large number of free electrons in it, the extrinsic semiconductor thus formed is known as n-Type Semiconductor. The conduction in the n-type semiconductor is because of the free electrons denoted by the pentavalent impurity atoms. These electrons are the excess free …

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Intrinsic Semiconductor and Extrinsic Semiconductor

The semiconductor is divided into two types. One is Intrinsic Semiconductor and other is an Extrinsic semiconductor. The pure form of the semiconductor is known as the intrinsic semiconductor and the semiconductor in which intentionally impurities is added for making it conductive is known as the extrinsic semiconductor. The conductivity of the intrinsic semiconductor becomes …

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Resistance of a Diode

In practice, no diode is an Ideal diode, this means neither it acts as a perfect conductor when forward biased nor it acts as an insulator when it is reverse biased. In other words, an actual diode offers a very small resistance (not zero) when forward biased and is called a forward resistance. Whereas, it …

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Ideal Diode and Real Diode

A diode is said to be an Ideal Diode when it is forward biased and acts as a perfect conductor, with zero voltage across it. Similarly, when the diode is reversed biased, it acts as a perfect insulator with zero current through it. The V-I characteristics of the Ideal diode are shown in the figure …

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Applications of Zener Diodes

Zener diodes find wide applications commercially and industrially. Some of the important applications of a Zener Diodes are as a Voltage Regulator or Stabilizer, as a Meter Protector and as a Wave-Shaper. They are discussed below in detail. As a Voltage Stabilizer The major application of a Zener diode in the electronic circuit is as …

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Diodes

Diodes are the electronic components devices which allow the current to flow more easily and smoothly through any device in a particular direction. It has two electrodes, one is known as Anode, and the other one is Cathode. Semiconductor materials like Silicon and Germanium are used for the manufacturing of the diodes. Uses of Diodes …

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Half Adder and Full Adder Circuit

An Adder is a device that can add two binary digits. It is a type of digital circuit that performs the operation of additions of two number. It is mainly designed for the addition of binary number, but they can be used in various other applications like binary code decimal, address decoding, table index calculation, …

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Zener Diode Ratings

The word Ratings means the various information about that particular device is given on the nameplate of the device or data sheet provided by the manufacturer. This datasheet shows the ratings of different diodes which include Zener voltage, the tolerance range of Zener voltage, Zener current limits, the Maximum Power Dissipation, Maximum Operating Temperature, Maximum …

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