Electrical Resistance

Definition: The electrical resistance is defined as the difficulty occurs in the flow of electrons. The conductor has free electrons. When the voltage or potential difference is applied across the conductor, the free electrons start moving in the particular direction. During the movement, these electrons collide with the atoms and molecules of the conductor. The atoms …

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Single Line Diagram of Power System

Definition: Single line diagram is the representation of a power system using the simple symbol for each component. The single line diagram of a power system is the network which shows the main connections and arrangement of the system components along with their data (such as output rating, voltage, resistance and reactance, etc.). It is …

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Electric Current

Definition: Electric current is defined as the rate of flow of negative charges of the conductor. In other words, the continuous flow of electrons in an electric circuit is called an electric current.The conducting material consists a large number of free electrons which move from one atom to the other at random.  Unit of Current …

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Generation of Alternating Voltage

The voltage which changes polarity at regular interval of time is known as the alternating voltage. The one complete cycle of an alternating quantity consists two half cycles. And the direction of a half cycle changes after every particular interval of time. The machine which generates the alternating voltage is known as the alternator. The …

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Voltage Surge

Definition: Voltage surge is defined as the sudden rise in excessive voltage which damages the electrical equipment of an installation. The overvoltage in the lines occurs because of a rise in voltage between both phases and between phase and ground. The voltage surges are mainly classified under two heading; internal and external voltages. Types of Voltage Surge …

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Rotor Earth Fault Protection

The rotor of the generator is normally unearthed i.e. remain isolated from the earth and therefore the single fault due to insulation breakdown will not rise the fault current. A single fault will not affect the rotor, but if the fault occurs, continues then it will damage the field winding of the generator. For a …

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Balanced Earth Fault Protection

The balanced earth fault protection scheme is mainly used for protection of small generator where differential and self-balanced protection systems are not applicable. In a small generator, the neutral end of the three phase windings is connected internally to a single terminal. So the neutral end is not available, and protection against earth fault  is …

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Differential Protection of a Generator

Differential protection for a generator is mainly employed for the protection of stator windings of generator against earth faults and phase-to-phase faults. The stator winding faults are very dangerous, and it causes considerable damage to the generator. For the protection of stator winding of the generator, the differential protection system is used for clearing the …

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