Electrical Terms

Parallel Operation of the Alternators

Interconnection of the electric power systems is essential from the economical point of view and also for reliable and Parallel Operation. Interconnection of AC power systems requires synchronous generators to operate in parallel with each other. In generating stations, two or more generators are connected in parallel. The alternators are located at different locations forming …

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Synchronous Impedance Method

The Synchronous Impedance Method or Emf Method is based on the concept of replacing the effect of armature reaction with an imaginary reactance. For calculating the regulation, the synchronous method requires the following data; they are the armature resistance per phase and the open-circuit characteristic. The open-circuit characteristic is the graph of the circuit voltage …

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Infinite Bus

Definition: The bus whose voltage and frequency remain constant even after the variation in the load is known as the infinite bus. The alternators operating in parallel in a power system are the example of the infinite bus. The on and off of any of the alternators will not affect the working of the power …

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Synchroscope Synchronizing

The Synchroscope is a device used for determining the phase angle differences between two or more machines at the time of the synchronization. The synchronization is essential for sharing the load on the bus bar of the power system. The following are the essentials conditions for synchronization: The magnitude of the incoming voltage becomes equal. …

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Flux Linkage Equation

The constant Flux Linkage concept is of considerable importance in studying alternator transients. This concept is stated as – The Flux Linkage after a sudden disturbance in a closed circuit having zero resistance and zero capacitance remain constant at their predisturbed values. There is no capacitance in the armature and the field windings of an …

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Synchronous Condensor

Synchronous Condensor is also known as Synchronous Compensator or Synchronous Phase Modifier. A synchronous condenser or a synchronous compensator is a synchronous motor running without a mechanical load. It can generate or absorb reactive volt-ampere (VAr) by varying the excitation of its field winding. It can be made to take a leading current with over-excitation …

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