Electrical Terms

Load factor

Definition: Load factor is defined as the ratio of the average load over a given period to the maximum demand (peak load) occurring in that period. In other words, the load factor is the ratio of energy consumed in a given period of the times of hours to the peak load which has occurred during …

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Skin Effect

The non-uniform distribution of electric current over the surface or skin of the conductor carrying a.c is called the skin effect. In other words, the concentration of charge is more near the surface as compared to the core of the conductor. The ohmic resistance of the conductor is increased due to the concentration of current …

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Working Voltage in Power System

The term Working Voltage means the maximum voltage that any device can withstand without getting damaged or burnt off, keeping in mind factors like reliability and safety of the device and circuits for proper operation.If the power is transmitted to a long distance there, exist the desirability of using high voltage. It is also necessary …

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Newton Raphson Method

Newton Raphson Method is an iterative technique for solving a set of various nonlinear equations with an equal number of unknowns. There are two methods of solutions for the load flow using Newton Raphson Method. The first method uses rectangular coordinates for the variables while the second method uses the polar coordinate form. Out of …

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Iterative Method

The Iterative Method is a mathematical way of solving a problem which generates a sequence of approximations. This method is applicable for both linear and nonlinear problems with large number of variables. The word Iterative or Iteration refers to the technique that solve any linear system problems with successive approximation at each step. There are …

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Gauss Seidel Method

Gauss-Seidel Method is used to solve the linear system Equations. This method is named after the German Scientist Carl Friedrich Gauss and Philipp Ludwig Siedel. It is a method of iteration for solving n linear equation with the unknown variables. This method is very simple and uses in digital computers for computing. The Gauss-Seidel method …

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Bus Admittance Matrix

In a power system, Bus Admittance Matrix represents the nodal admittances of the various buses. With the help of the transmission line, each bus is connected to the various other buses. Admittance matrix is used to analyse the data that is needed in the load or a power flow study of the buses. It explains …

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Load Flow Study

The flow of electrical power in any interconnected electrical system is termed as Load Flow. The Load Flow Study is conducted to calculate the voltages at the various buses. It is also used for the study of the short-circuit conditions or any interconnected power system. The load flow study is essential for the operation of the power system under an …

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Permanent Magnet DC Motor

A DC Motor whose poles are made of Permanent Magnets is known as Permanent Magnet DC (PMDC) Motor. The magnets are radially magnetized and are mounted on the inner periphery of the cylindrical steel stator. The stator of the motor serves as  a return path for the magnetic flux. The rotor has a DC armature, …

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Reluctance Torque

Reluctance torque or alignment torque is experienced by a ferromagnetic object placed in an external magnetic field, which causes the object to line up with the external magnetic field. An external magnetic field induces an internal magnetic field in the object and because of this torque is produced. The torque is generated between the two …

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