Admittance method is used for solving parallel AC circuits. First of all, we must know the meanings of some terms used in the Admittance Method.
- Steps for Solving Circuit by Admittance Method
- Admittance Triangle
The reciprocal of the impedance of an AC circuit is known as Admittance of the circuit. Since impedance is the total opposition offered to the flow of alternating current in an AC circuit. Therefore, Admittance is defined as the effective ability of the circuit due to which it allows the alternating current to flow through it. It is represented by (Y).
Steps for Solving Circuit by Admittance Method
Consider a parallel AC circuit having resistance and capacitance connected in series and resistance and inductance also connected in series as shown in the figure below.
Step 2 – Find impedance and phase angle of each branch.
Step 3 – Now, find Conductance, Susceptance and Admittance of each branch.
Step 4 – Find the algebraic sum of conductance and susceptance.
Step 5 – Find the total Admittance (Y) of the circuit.
Step 6 – Find the various branch currents of the circuit.
Step 7 – Now, find the total current I of the circuit.
Step 8 – Find the phase angle of the whole circuit.
Phase angle will be lagging if B is negative.
Step 9 – Now, find the power factor of the circuit.
Admittance triangle is also represented similar to impedance triangle. As the impedance (Z) of the circuit has two rectangular components, resistance (R) and reactance (X). Similarly, the admittance (Y) also has two components, conductance (g) and susceptance (b). The Admittance triangle is shown below.
The base of the Admittance triangle is known as Conductance, shown in the figure above.
The perpendicular of the Admittance triangle is called Susceptance.