Suspension Insulator

The suspension insulator separates the line conductors and supports them electrically. It consists the number of porcelain insulator units connected with each other by metal links to form a flexible string. The conductor is connected at the bottom of the string. The suspension insulator is shown below. Advantages of Suspension Type Insulator The suspension type…

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Chopper Control of Separately Excited DC Motor

The chopper converts the fixed DC voltage to variable DC voltage. Self-commutated devices (directly on or off devices via gate) like MOSFET, IGBT, power transistors, GTO and IGCT are used for making choppers because they can be commutated by low power control signal and do not need commutation circuit. The chopper was operated at high…

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Switchgear

Definition: The apparatus used for controlling, regulating and switching on or off the electrical circuit in the electrical power system is known as switchgear.The switches, fuses, circuit breaker, isolator, relays, current and potential transformer, indicating instrument, lightning arresters and control panels are examples of the switchgear devices. The switchgear system is directly linked to the supply…

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Electrical Substation

Definition: The electrical substation is the part of a power system in which the voltage is transformed from high to low or low to high for transmission, distribution, transformation and switching. The power transformer, circuit breaker, bus-bar, insulator, lightning arrester are the main components of an electrical substation. Single Line Diagram of an Electrical Substation…

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HVDC Transmission System

Definition: The system which uses the direct current for the transmission of the power such type of system is called HVDC (High Voltage Direct Current) system. The HVDC system is less expensive and has minimum losses. It transmits the power between the unsynchronized AC system. Component of an HVDC Transmission System The HVDC system has…

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Power System

Definition: The power system is a network which consists generation, distribution and transmission system. It uses the form of energy (like coal and diesel) and converts it into electrical energy. The power system includes the devices connected to the system like the synchronous generator, motor, transformer, circuit breaker, conductor, etc. The power plant, transformer, transmission line,…

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Single Line Diagram of Power Supply System

The electrical energy is produced at generating stations, and through the transmission network, it is transmitted to the consumers. Between the generating stations and the distribution stations, three different levels of voltage (transmission, sub-transmission and distribution level of voltage) are used. The high voltage is required for long distance transmission and, the low voltage is…

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Difference Between Slip Ring & Squirrel Cage Induction Motor

The squirrel cage induction motor is the most popular type of AC motor. It is very commonly used in industries because it is very cheap, robust, efficient, and reliable. The slip ring motor has very little application in industries. Rarely 5% – 10% slip ring motors are used in industries because it has several disadvantages…

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Transformer Vector Groups

Definition: The transformer vector group show the phase difference between the primary and secondary sides of the transformer. The three phase transformer is connected in various ways. On the basis of connection, the vector group of the transformer is determined. Three phase transformer is divided into four main groups according to the phase difference between…

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Three-Phase Transformer Construction

A three phase transformer is used to transfer a large amount of power. The three phase transformer is required to step-up and step-down the voltages at various stages of a power system network. The three phase transformer is constructed in two ways. Three separate single phase transformer is suitably connected for three phase operation. A…

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