Phase & Phase Difference

Phase Definition: The phase of an alternating quantity is defined as the divisional part of a cycle through which the quantity moves forward from a selected origin When the two quantities have the same frequency, and their maximum and minimum point achieve at the same point, then the quantities are said to have in the…

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Lead-Acid Battery Charging Methods

The lead-acid battery stores chemical energy and this energy is converted into electrical energy whenever requires. The conversion of energy from chemical to electrical is known as the charging. And when the electric power changes into chemical energy then it is known as discharging of the battery. During the charging process, the current passes inside the…

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Lead Acid Battery

Definition: The battery which uses sponge lead and lead peroxide for the conversion of the chemical energy into electrical power, such type of battery is called a lead acid battery. The lead acid battery is most commonly used in the power stations and substations because it has higher cell voltage and lower cost. Construction of…

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Air Break Switch

Definition: The switch whose contacts open in the air and quenching of an arc achieves by compressed air, such type of switch is called an air break switch.The air acts as a dielectric medium for the air-break switch. It is more effective and reliable as compared to another switch.The air break switch is operated manually…

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Steady State Stability in Power System

Definition: Steady state stability is defined as the capability of an electric power system to maintain its initial condition after small interruption or to reach a condition very close to the initial one when the disturbance is still present.The steady state stability is very important in planning and designing of the power system, in developing…

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On-Load Tap-Changing Transformer

Definition: The transformer which is not disconnected from the main supply when the tap setting is to be changed such type of transformer in known as on-load tap changing transformer. The tap setting arrangement is mainly used for changing the turn ratio of the transformer to regulate the system voltage while the transformer is delivering…

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Difference Between Grounding and Earthing

One of the major difference between the grounding and the earthing is that in grounding, the current carrying part is connected to the ground whereas in earthing the non-current carrying parts is connected to ground. The other differences between them are explained below in the form of the comparison chart. Content: Grounding V/S Earthing Comparison…

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Difference Between Core Type and Shell Type Transformer

One of the major difference between the core type and the shell type transformers is that in core type transformer,  the winding encircles the core, whereas, in shell type transformer, the core encircles the winding of the transformer. Some other differences between them are explained below in the form of the comparison chart. Comparison: Core…

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Protection Zone in Power System

Definition: Protection zone is defined as the part of the power system which is protected by a certain protective scheme. It is established around each power system equipment. When the fault occurs on any of the protection zones then only the circuit breakers within that zone will be opened. Thus, only the faulty element will…

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Electrical Grid

Definition: Electrical grid or power grid is defined as the network which interconnects the generation, transmission and distribution unit. It supplies the electrical power from generating unit to the distribution unit. A large amount of power is transmitted from the generating station to load centre at 220kV or higher. The network form by these high…

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