Phantom Loading

Definition: Phantom loading is the phenomena in which the appliances consume electricity even when they turn off. The disc of the energy meter rotates which increases the reading of the meter, but the devices do not consume power. This type of loading is also known as the vampire or virtual loading. The phantom loading mainly…

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Power Factor Meter

Definition: The power factor meter measures the power factor of a transmission system. The power factor is the cosine of the angle between the voltage and current. The power factor meter determines the types of load using on the line, and it also calculates the losses occur on it. The power factor of the transmission…

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Piezo-Electric Transducer

Definition: The Piezoelectric transducer is an electroacoustic transducer use for conversion of pressure or mechanical stress into an alternating electrical force. It is used for measuring the physical quantity like force, pressure, stress, etc., which is directly not possible to measure. The piezo transducer converts the physical quantity into an electrical voltage which is easily measured…

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Megger

Definition: The Megger is the instrument uses for measuring the resistance of the insulation. It works on the principle of comparison, i.e., the resistance of the insulation is compared with the known value of resistance. If the resistance of the insulation is high, the pointer of the moving coil deflects towards the infinity, and if it…

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Thermocouple Instrument

Definition: The instrument which uses the thermocouple for the measurement of the temperature, current and voltage such type of instrument is known as the thermocouple instrument. It is used for both the AC and DC measurement. The thermocouple is an electric device which uses two wires of the different metal. It’s work on the principle that…

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Ohmmeter

Definition: The meter which measures the resistance and the continuity of the electrical circuit and their components such type of meter is known as the ohmmeter. It measures the resistance in ohms. The micro-ohmmeter is used for measuring the low resistance and the mega ohmmeter measures the high resistance of the circuit. The ohmmeter is very…

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Hot Wire Instrument

Definition: The instruments which use the heating effect of the current for knowing their magnitude such type of instrument is known as the hot wire instrument. It works on the principle that the length of the wire increases because of the heating effect of the current flow through it. The hot wire instrument is used…

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Moving Iron or MI Instrument

Definition: The instrument in which the moving iron is used for measuring the flow of current or voltage is known as the moving iron instrument. It works on the principle that the iron place near the magnet attracts towards it. The force of attraction depends on the strength of the magnet field. The magnetic field…

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