Starting of DC Motors

A starter is a device to start and accelerate a motor. A controller is a device to start the motor, control and reverse the speed of the DC motor and stop the motor. While starting the DC motor, it draws the heavy current which damages the motor. The starter reduces the heavy current and protects the …

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Methods of Improving Commutation

There are three main methods of Improving commutation or obtaining sparkles Commutation. These are Resistance Commutation and Voltage Commutation and Compensating Winding. Further, the voltage commutation consists of another two methods which are used to produce the injected voltage, named as commutating poles or interpoles and Brush Shift. The following methods of Improving Commutation are …

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Speed Regulation of DC Motor

If the load is applied to the DC motor or machine, the speed of the motor decreases automatically. Thus to maintain the constant speed, the difference between no-load and full-load speed (called Speed Regulation) should be maintained very less. The motor is said to be at good regulation if they maintain the constant speed at variable …

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Commutation in DC Machine

The currents induced in the armature conductors of a DC generator are alternating in nature. The change from a generated alternating current to the direct current applied involves the process of Commutation. When the conductors of the armature are under the north pole, the current which is induced flows in one direction. While the current …

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Types of DC Motor

A Direct Current Motor, DC is named according to the connection of the field winding with the armature. Mainly there are two types of DC Motors. One is Separately Excited DC Motor and other is Self-excited DC Motor. The self-excited motors are further classified as Shunt wound or shunt motor, Series wound or series motor …

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Compound Wound Generator

In a Compound Wound Generator, there are two sets of the field winding on each pole. One of them is connected in series having few turns of thick wire, and the other is connected in parallel having many turns of fine wire with the armature windings. In other words, the generator which has both shunt and …

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Back EMF in DC Motor

When the current-carrying conductor placed in a magnetic field, the torque induces on the conductor, the torque rotates the conductor which cuts the flux of the magnetic field. According to the Electromagnetic Induction Phenomenon “when the conductor cuts the magnetic field, EMF induces in the conductor”. The Fleming right-hand rule determines the direction of the …

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What is a DC Motor

A Motor is a machine that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. There is no difference between a DC motor and DC generator from a construction point of view. The only difference is that the generators are usually operated in more protected locations and, therefore, their construction is generally of the open type. On the …

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