Plugging or Reverse Current Braking

In Plugging or Reverse Current Braking the armature terminals or the supply polarity of a separately excited or shunt motor when running are reversed. Therefore, in plugging the supply voltage V and the induced voltage Eb which is also called back EMF will act in the same direction. Thus, during plugging the effective voltage across …

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Swinburne’s Test

Swinburne’s Test is an indirect method of testing of DC machines. In this method, the losses are measured separately and the efficiency at any desired load is predetermined. Machines are tested for finding out losses, efficiency and temperature rise. For small machines direct loading test is performed. For large shunt machines, indirect methods are used …

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Regenerative Braking

In Regenerative Braking, the power or energy of the driven machinery which is in kinetic form is returned back to the power supply mains. This type of braking is possible when the driven load or machinery forces the motor to run at a speed higher than the no-load speed with a constant excitation. Contents: Applications …

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Efficiency of DC Generator

Efficiency is simply defined as the ratio of output power to the input power. Let R be the total resistance of the armature circuit (including the brush contact resistance, at series winding resistance, inter-pole winding resistance and compensating winding resistance). The efficiency of the DC generator is explained below in the line diagram: I is …

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Applications of DC Machines

In the present day world, electrical energy is generated in bulk in the form of an alternating current. Hence, the use of DC machines, i.e., DC generators and motors are very limited. They are mainly used in supplying excitation of small and medium-range alternators. The Industrial Applications of DC Machines are in Electrolytic Processes, Welding …

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Losses in DC Machine

The losses that occur in a DC Machine is divided into five basic categories. The various losses are Electrical or Copper losses (I2R losses), Core losses or Iron losses, Brush losses, Mechanical losses, Stray load losses. These losses are explained below in detail. Contents: Electrical or Copper losses Magnetic Losses or Core Losses or Iron …

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Characteristic of DC Generators – Separately Excited Self Excited And Compound Generator

Characteristic is the graph between the two dependent quantities. It shows the steady-state characteristic of DC generators. The characteristic of the DC generators explains the relations between the loads, excitation and terminals voltage through the graph. Following are the three important characteristics of a DC Generator. Magnetization Characteristic This characteristic gives the variation of generating …

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