Power System

Definition: The power system is a network which consists generation, distribution and transmission system. It uses the form of energy (like coal and diesel) and converts it into electrical energy. The power system includes the devices connected to the system like the synchronous generator, motor, transformer, circuit breaker, conductor, etc. The power plant, transformer, transmission line, …

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Single Line Diagram of Power Supply System

The electrical energy is produced at generating stations, and through the transmission network, it is transmitted to the consumers. Between the generating stations and the distribution stations, three different levels of voltage (transmission, sub-transmission and distribution level of voltage) are used. The high voltage is required for long distance transmission and, the low voltage is …

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Transformer Vector Groups

Definition: The transformer vector group show the phase difference between the primary and secondary sides of the transformer. It also determines the high voltage and low voltage windings arrangement of three phase transformers.The three phase transformer is connected in various ways. On the basis of connection, the vector group of the transformer is determined. Three …

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Three-Phase Transformer Construction

A three phase transformer is used to transfer a large amount of power. The three phase transformer is required to step-up and step-down the voltages at various stages of a power system network. The three phase transformer is constructed in two ways. Three separate single phase transformer is suitably connected for three phase operation. A …

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Three-Phase Transformer Connections

The three phase transformer consists three transformers either separate or combined with one core. The primary and secondary of the transformer can be independently connected either in star or delta. There are four possible connections for a 3-phase transformer bank. Δ – Δ (Delta – Delta) Connection Υ – Υ (Star – Star) Connection Δ …

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Electrical Transformer

Definition: The transformer is the static device which works on the principle of electromagnetic induction. It is used for transferring the electrical power from one circuit to another without any variation in their frequency. In electromagnetic induction, the transfer of energy from one circuit to another takes places by the help of the mutual induction. i.e …

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Transformer Winding Resistance

The ideal transformer has no resistance, but in the actual transformer, there is always some resistance to the primary and secondary windings. For making the calculation easy the resistance of the transformer can be transferred to the either side. The resistance is transferred from one side to another in such a manner that the percentage …

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Step-up & Step-down Transformers

Step-up Transformer A transformer in which the output (secondary) voltage is greater than its input (primary) voltage is called a step-up transformer. The step-up transformer decreases the output current for keeping the input and output power of the system equal. Considered a step-up transformer shown in the figure below. The E1 and E2 are the …

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