The AC Motor and the DC Motor are differentiated on the various factors like the source or the nature of the power used in the motor. The commutation process, types, starting of the motor, a number of terminals. Applications of the motor, usage of brushes, and the maintenance cost of the motor.
Content: AC Vs DC Motor
|Nature of the Input Current
|Alternating Current is the main input power in the AC motor
|Direct Current is the main input power in the DC motor
|Three phase or single phase power from the supply mains
|Energy is obtained from batteries, cells etc.
|Absent in AC motor
|Present in DC motor
|Both single phase and three phase supply are used
|Only single phase supply is used
|Number of terminals
|There are 3 input terminals RYB.
|There are two input terminals Positive and negative
|No carbon brushes
|There are carbon brushes in the DC Motor
|Suitable for large and industrial applications
|DC motor is used in small and domestic applications
|AC Motor are not self starting. It requires some external starting equipments
|DC Motor are self starting
|Position of Armature
|The Armature is stationary and the magnetic field rotates
|Armature rotates while the magnetic field remains stationary.
|Less expensive as compared to DC Motor
|DC Motor maintenance is more expensive.
Definition of AC Motor
In an AC Motor, an alternating current passes through the coils. When an alternating current is passed through the electromagnets a magnetic field is generated. Stationary parts consist of electromagnets. The magnetic field which is created changes constantly. The interaction between the electromagnets and the magnetic field makes the motor rotate.
Definition of DC Motor
A Direct current is passed in the stationary part of the motor, which is known as the Stator. A coil of wires which carry an electric current is known as Rotor. A DC motor converts electric power into mechanical power.
Key Differences Between AC Motor and DC Motor
- AC motor works on the concept of alternating current, whereas DC Motor works on the direct current.
- The main source of the AC motor is current coming from the three-phase or the single-phase supply mains. The sources of the DC motor are batteries and cells.
- In an AC motor, the commutation process is absent hence, there is no use of carbon brushes, whereas in a DC motor the commutation process takes place and thus the carbon brushes are used.
- Both three-phase and single-phase supply are used in an AC Motor but in DC Motor only a single-phase supply is used.
- In an AC motor, there are three input terminals known as RYB (Red, Yellow, and Blue). In DC motor, there are only two terminals, these are known as Positive and Negative.
- AC motors are not self-starting, and thus, it requires some external equipment to start the motor initially. DC motors are self-starting motors.
- The armature is stationary, and the magnetic field rotates in the AC motor but in DC motor the armature rotates, and the magnetic field is stationary.
- AC motor is suitable for large and industrial applications whereas DC motors are used for small and domestic applications.
- The maintenance cost of the AC motor is more as compared to that of a DC Motor.
The above discussed are the points of comparison between AC and DC motor.