Valve Type Lightning Arrester

Definition: The lightning arrester which consists the single or multi-gaps connected in series with the current controlling element, such type of arrester is known as the lightning arrester. The gap between the electrodes intercepts the flow of current through the arrester except when the voltage across the gap raises beyond the critical gap flashover. The…

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Electric Field

Definition: The region around the electric charge in which the stress or electric force act is called an electric field or electrostatic field. If the magnitude of charge is large, then it may create a huge stress around the region. The electric field is represented by the symbol E. The SI unit of the electric…

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Difference Between Volt & Amp

One of the major difference between the volt and amp is that the volt is the SI unit of the voltage, potential difference and electromotive force whereas the amp is the SI unit of the current. The volt and amp are differentiated below on the various other factors. Content: Volt V/S Amp Comparison Chart Definition…

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Relay

Definition: The relay is the device that open or closes the contacts to cause the operation of the other electric control. It detects the intolerable or undesirable condition with an assigned area and gives the commands to the circuit breaker to disconnect the affected area. Thus protects the system from damage. Working Principle of Relay…

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DC Circuit

Definition: The closed path in which the direct current flows is called the DC circuit. The current flows in only one direction and it is mostly used in low voltage applications. The resistor is the main component of the DC circuit. A simple DC circuit is shown in the figure below which contains a DC…

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Law of Conservation of Energy

Definition: The law of conservation of energy states that the energy can neither be generated nor destroyed. It is converted from one form to another. The total input power is equal to the sum of the following three components; they are the dissipated energy, stored energy and useful output energy.The devices which convert the mechanical…

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AC Motor

Definition: The motor that converts the alternating current into mechanical power by using an electromagnetic induction phenomenon is called an AC motor. This motor is driven by an alternating current. The stator and the rotor are the two most important parts of the AC motors. The stator is the stationary part of the motor, and…

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Lap & Wave Winding

The armature winding is the most important part of the rotating machine. It is the place where energy conversion takes place, i.e., the mechanical energy is converted into electrical energy, and the electrical energy is converted into mechanical energy. The armature winding is mainly classified into types, i.e., the lap winding and the wave winding.…

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Percentage Differential Relay

Definition: The percentage differential relay is defined as the relay that operates on the phase difference of two or more similar electrical quantities. It is the advanced form of differential protection relay. The only difference between them is the restraining coil. The percentage differential relay consists restraining coil for overcoming the trouble arising out of differences in…

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Electromagnetic Relay

Definition: Electromagnetic relays are those relay which operates on the principle of electromagnetic attraction. It is a type of a magnetic switch which uses the magnet for creating a magnetic field. The magnetic field then uses for opening and closing the switch and for performing the mechanical operation. Types of an Electromagnetic Relay By their working…

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