Magnetoresistor

Definition: The resistance of some of the metal and the semiconductor material varies in the presence of the magnetic field, this effect is called the magnetoresistance. The element which has these effects is known as the magnetoresistor. In other words, the magnetoresistor is a type of resistor whose resistance varies with the magnetic field. The magnetoresistor…

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Resistive Transducer

Definition: The transducer whose resistance varies because of the environmental effects such type of transducer is known as the resistive transducer. The change in resistance is measured by the ac or dc measuring devices. The resistive transducer is used for measuring the physical quantities like temperature, displacement, vibration etc. The measurement of the physical quantity is…

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Bolometer

Definition: The bolometer is a device used for detecting and measuring the heat and radiation of  Microwave energy or RF.  It uses the temperature sensitive resistive element who resistance changes with the temperature. The Thermistor and Barretter are the examples of the commonly used resistive element. The circuit of the bolometer is in the form…

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Recording Instrument

Definition: The recording instrument is defined as the instrument which records the continuous variation of the magnitude of an electrical quantity for a particular period. It is used in a placed where the continuous reading of circuit conditions is required. The record is used for future reference or computational work. The recording instruments take readings…

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Resolver

Definition: The resolver is a rotary transformer used for conversion of the angular position of the shaft into Cartesian coordinates. It is an analogue device which has a digital counterpart. The output of the transducer has two signals, one is proportional to the sine of the angle and other is proportional to the cosine of…

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Integrating Instrument

Definition: The integrating instrument measures the total energy supplied by the circuit in a given interval of time. It is independent of the rate at which the total energy consumed. The watt hour meter is the example of integrating instruments. This type of meter directly measures the energy in watt hour. Types of Integrating Instruments…

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Analog Instrument

Definition: The analogue instrument is defined as the instrument whose output is the continuous function of time, and they have a constant relation to the input. The physicals quantity like voltage, current, power and energy are measured through the analogue instruments. Most of the analogue instrument use pointer or dial for indicating the magnitude of the…

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Capacitive Transducer

Definition: The capacitive transducer is used for measuring the displacement, pressure and other physical quantities. It is a passive transducer that means it requires external power for operation. The capacitive transducer works on the principle of variable capacitances. The capacitance of the capacitive transducer changes because of many reasons like overlapping of plates, change in…

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Hall Effect Transducer

Definition: The hall effect element is a type of transducer used for measuring the magnetic field by converting it into an emf. The direct measurement of the magnetic field is not possible. Thus the Hall Effect Transducer is used. The transducer converts the magnetic field into an electric quantity which is easily measured by the…

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Rotary Variable Differential Transformer (RVDT)

Definition: The transformer which senses the angular displacement of the conductor is known as the Rotary Variable Differential Transformer or RVDT. It is the type of electromechanical transducer which gives the linear output proportional to the input angular displacement. The circuit of RVDT is shown in the figure below. The working of the RVDT is…

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