Wheatstone Bridge

Definition: The device uses for the measurement of minimum resistance with the help of comparison method is known as the Wheatstone bridge. The value of unknown resistance is determined by comparing it with the known resistance. The Wheatstone bridge works on the principle of null deflection, i.e. the ratio of their resistances are equal, and no current…

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Potentiometer (POT)

Definition: The instrument designs for measuring the unknown voltage by comparing it with the known voltage, such type of instrument is known as the potentiometer. In other words, the potentiometer is the three terminal device used for measuring the potential differences by manually varying the resistances. The known voltage is drawn by the cell or any…

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Signal Generator

Definition: The signal generator is an electronic device which induces the repeating and non-repeating analogue or digital signals.The signal generator is extensively used in troubleshooting, signal tracing, testing, adjustment of amplifier response and alignment of radio and T.V circuit. The signal generator has inbuilt modulation property. The amplitude and modulation property are very common in…

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Deflection Type Instrument

Definition: The instruments in which the measured quantity produces physical effects which deflect or displace the moving system of the instruments in known as the deflection type instrument. In other words, the instrument in which the deflection provides the basis for measuring the electrical quantity is known as the deflection type instrument. Such type of…

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Liquid Crystal Diode (LCD)

Definition: The LCD is defined as the diode that uses small cells and the ionised gases for the production of images. The LCD works on the modulating property of light. The light modulation is the technique of sending and receiving the signal through the light. The liquid crystal consumes a small amount of energy because…

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Light Emitting Diode (LED)

Definition: The LED is a PN-junction diode which emits light when an electric current passes through it in the forward direction. In the LED, the recombination of charge carrier takes place. The electron from the N-side and the hole from the P-side are combined and gives the energy in the form of heat and light.…

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Digital Storage Oscilloscope

Definition: The digital storage oscilloscope is defined as the oscilloscope which stores and analysis the signal digitally, i.e. in the form of 1 or 0 preferably storing them as analogue signals. The digital oscilloscope takes an input signal, store them and then display it on the screen. The digital oscilloscope has advanced features of storage,…

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Electrostatic Deflection in CRT

Definition: Electrostatic deflection is the method of aligning the path of charged particles by applying the electric field between the deflecting plates. The word electrostatic means the strength and the direction of the field changes with respect to time. So that, the particles will move only in one direction. The cathode ray tube uses deflecting…

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Electron Gun

Definition: Electron gun is defined as the source of focused and accelerated electron beam. It is a device used in Cathode Ray Tube for displaying the image on the phosphorous screen of CRT. The electron gun emits electrons and forms them into a beam by the help of a heater, cathode, grid, pre-accelerating, accelerating and…

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Cathode Ray Tube (CRT)

Definition: The CRT is a display screen which produces images in the form of the video signal. It is a type of vacuum tube which displays images when the electron beam through electron guns are strikes on the phosphorescent surface. In other Words, the CRT generates the beams, accelerates it at high velocity and deflect…

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