Types of Circuit Breaker

There are several methods of classification of circuit breakers. The most general way of the rating of a circuit breaker is by the arc extinction medium. The arc extinction can easily be done by using the different medium like air, insulator, gas, vacuum, dielectric, etc. By the arc extinction medium, the circuit breaker is categorised into…

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Valve Type Lightning Arrester

Definition: The lightning arrester which consists the single or multi-gaps connected in series with the current controlling element, such type of arrester is known as the lightning arrester. The gap between the electrodes intercepts the flow of current through the arrester except when the voltage across the gap raises beyond the critical gap flashover. The…

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Relay

Definition: The relay is the device that open or closes the contacts to cause the operation of the other electric control. It detects the intolerable or undesirable condition with an assigned area and gives the commands to the circuit breaker to disconnect the affected area. Thus protects the system from damage. Working Principle of Relay…

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Percentage Differential Relay

Definition: The percentage differential relay is defined as the relay that operates on the phase difference of two or more similar electrical quantities. It is the advanced form of differential protection relay. The only difference between them is the restraining coil. The percentage differential relay consists restraining coil for overcoming the trouble arising out of differences in…

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Electromagnetic Relay

Definition: Electromagnetic relays are those relay which operates on the principle of electromagnetic attraction. It is a type of a magnetic switch which uses the magnet for creating a magnetic field. The magnetic field then uses for opening and closing the switch and for performing the mechanical operation. Types of an Electromagnetic Relay By their working…

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Lead-Acid Battery Charging Methods

The lead-acid battery stores chemical energy and this energy is converted into electrical energy whenever requires. The conversion of energy from chemical to electrical is known as the charging. And when the electric power changes into chemical energy then it is known as discharging of the battery. During the charging process, the current passes inside the…

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Lead Acid Battery

Definition: The battery which uses sponge lead and lead peroxide for the conversion of the chemical energy into electrical power, such type of battery is called a lead acid battery. The lead acid battery is most commonly used in the power stations and substations because it has higher cell voltage and lower cost. Construction of…

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Air Break Switch

Definition: The switch whose contacts open in the air and quenching of an arc achieves by compressed air, such type of switch is called an air break switch.The air acts as a dielectric medium for the air-break switch. It is more effective and reliable as compared to another switch.The air break switch is operated manually…

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On-Load Tap-Changing Transformer

Definition: The transformer which is not disconnected from the main supply when the tap setting is to be changed such type of transformer in known as on-load tap changing transformer. The tap setting arrangement is mainly used for changing the turn ratio of the transformer to regulate the system voltage while the transformer is delivering…

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Protection Zone in Power System

Definition: Protection zone is defined as the part of the power system which is protected by a certain protective scheme. It is established around each power system equipment. When the fault occurs on any of the protection zones then only the circuit breakers within that zone will be opened. Thus, only the faulty element will…

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