Percentage Differential Relay

Definition: The percentage differential relay is defined as the relay that operates on the phase difference of two or more similar electrical quantities. It is the advanced form of differential protection relay. The only difference between them is the restraining coil. The percentage differential relay consists restraining coil for overcoming the trouble arising out of differences in…

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Electromagnetic Relay

Definition: Electromagnetic relays are those relay which operates on the principle of electromagnetic attraction. It is a type of a magnetic switch which uses the magnet for creating a magnetic field. The magnetic field then uses for opening and closing the switch and for performing the mechanical operation. Types of an Electromagnetic Relay By their working…

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Alternating Current (AC)

Definition: The current that changes its magnitude and polarity at regular intervals of time is called an alternating current.The major advantage of using the alternating current instead of direct current is that the alternating current is easily transformed from higher voltage level to lower voltage level. When the resistive load R is connected across the…

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Phase & Phase Difference

Phase Definition: The phase of an alternating quantity is defined as the divisional part of a cycle through which the quantity moves forward from a selected origin When the two quantities have the same frequency, and their maximum and minimum point achieve at the same point, then the quantities are said to have in the…

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Lead-Acid Battery Charging Methods

The lead-acid battery mainly uses two types of charging methods namely the constant voltage charging and constant current charging. Constant voltage Charging It is the most common method of charging the lead acid battery. It reduces the charging time and increases the capacity up to 20%. But this method reduces the efficiency by approximately 10%. In this…

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Lead Acid Battery

Definition: The battery which uses sponge lead and lead peroxide for the conversion of the chemical energy into electrical power, such type of battery is called a lead acid battery. The lead acid battery is most commonly used in the power stations and substations because it has higher cell voltage and lower cost. Construction of…

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Air Break Switch

Definition: The switch whose contacts open in the air and quenching of an arc achieves by compressed air, such type of switch is called an air break switch.The air acts as a dielectric medium for the air-break switch. The air break switches install in outdoor and mainly use for switching and isolation. It interrupts the small…

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Steady State Stability in Power System

Definition: Steady state stability is defined as the capability of an electric power system to maintain its initial condition after small interruption or to reach a condition very close to the initial one when the disturbance is still present. The steady state stability is very important in planning and designing of the power system, in…

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On-Load Tap-Changing Transformer

Definition: The transformer which is not disconnected from the main supply when the tap setting is to be changed such type of transformer in known as on-load tap changing transformer. The tap setting arrangement is mainly used for changing the turn ratio of the transformer to regulate the system voltage while the transformer is delivering…

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Difference Between Grounding and Earthing

One of the major difference between the grounding and the earthing is that in grounding, the current carrying part is connected to the ground whereas in earthing the non-current carrying parts is connected to ground. The other differences between them are explained below in the form of the comparison chart. Content: Grounding V/S Earthing Comparison…

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