Static Voltage Regulator

Definition: The regulator which do not have any rotating parts, such type of regulator is called static voltage regulator. Their circuit consists apparatus like transformers, capacitors, resistors, transistors, magnetic amplifiers, etc. Such type of regulators do not have friction and wear loss ( because it does not have any rotating parts). It does not require…

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Automatic Voltage Regulator

The automatic voltage regulator is used to regulate the voltage. It takes the fluctuate voltage and changes them into a constant voltage. The fluctuation in the voltage mainly occurs due to the variation in load on the supply system. The variation in voltage damages the equipment of the power system. The variation in the voltage…

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Excitation System

Definition: The system which is used for providing the necessary field current to the rotor winding of the synchronous machine, such type of system is called an excitation system. In other words, excitation system is defined as the system which is used for the production of the flux by passing current in the field winding.…

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Line Supports

Definition: The different types of structure (poles or towers) used for supporting the overhead lines or wires, such types of structures are called line supports. The line support plays a major role in power transmission. It kept the proper spacing between the conductors and maintained the conductor at the prescribed distance from its ground parts.…

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Ohm’s Law

When an electric potential difference (V) is applied across a conductor as shown in the figure below, some current (I) flows through it. The flow of current is opposed by the resistance of the conductor and circuit. The relation between voltage, current and resistance is explained by the ohm’s law. Ohm’s laws state that the…

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Magnetic Permeability

Definition: The ability of the material to conduct magnetic lines of force through it is called the magnetic permeability of that material. In other words, it is the capability of the magnetic material to support the development of the magnetic field. The magnetic line of force is directly proportional to the conductivity of the material.…

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Travelling Wave

Definition: Travelling wave is a temporary wave that creates a disturbance and moves along the transmission line at a constant speed. Such type of wave occurs for a short duration (for a few microseconds) but cause a much disturbance in the line. The transient wave is set up in the transmission line mainly due to…

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Restricted Earth Fault Protection

Earth fault is the unintended fault between the live conductor and the earth. It also occurs, because of the insulation breakdown. When the fault occurs the short-circuit currents flow through the system, and this current is returned through the earth or through any electrical equipment. This fault current damaged the equipment of the power system and…

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Phase Shift in Star Delta Transformer

The phase shift is the angular displacement between the maximum positive value of the alternating quantities having the same frequency. In other words, the angular displacement between high voltage and the low voltage terminal and the corresponding neutral points (real or imaginary), expressed with reference to high voltage side is known as phase displacement (or shift)…

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Electrical Fault

Definition: Fault in electrical equipment or apparatus is defined as an imperfection in the electrical circuit due to which current is deflected from the intended path. In other words, the fault is the abnormal condition of the electrical system which damages the electrical equipment and disturbs the normal flow of the electric current. The fault reduces…

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